Iranian state television has announced the death of former president and leading reformer Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani.
Rafsanjani, 82 and suffering from heart ailments, died Sunday at a hospital north of Tehran. State television interrupted programming to announce the death, saying it came “after a life full of restless efforts in the path of Islam and revolution.”
Rafsanjani, who served as president from 1989 to 1997, was earlier seen as a top adviser to Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the leader of the 1979 Islamic Revolution. Analysts say he also played a key role in choosing Khomeini’s successor, after the founder’s death in 1989.
Rafsanjani’s presidency saw the country seeking to rebuild its economy from the ruinous 1980-1988 war with neighboring Iraq. It was also marked by a series of cautious reforms which saw wider freedoms emerge, particularly in the country’s tightly controlled media.
By 2002, however, Rafsanjani’s political fortunes had plummeted, as conservatives mounted and sustained criticism of his reformist outreach efforts toward the West. He lost a post-presidential bid that year for a seat in parliament, and in 2005 was soundly defeated in a bid for a second presidential term by conservative Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
Four years later, at the height of a massive government crackdown on demonstrators protesting presidential election results, he delivered a speech calling for greater personal freedoms. Analysts and pundits say that 2009 address further alienated him from conservatives and military commanders.
Rafsanjani was denied a third attempt at the presidency in 2013, when Iran’s all-powerful Guardian Council barred him from the ballot, in a disqualification widely seen as an official rebuke of his reformist efforts.
However, his political protege, Hassan Rouhani, won the presidency and assigned Rafsanjani to oversee planning for direct nuclear talks with the United States.
He also headed Iran’s Expediency Discernment Council, an administrative body that advises Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.